Agriculture in Tharparkar totaly depend on monsoon seasonal rain, if at least, it timely rains thrice in one monsoon season then agriculture produces millet, sorghum, cluster bean, vegetables and chilies. Millet seeds are used as staple food of the Tharparkar, due to non-availability of wheat, whereas cluster bean crop is considered to be a cash crop in Tharparkar. The fruits which are grown in the district include berrys, Kachri (a kind of wildly grown cucumber), water melons etc.
RAIN AND THARPARKAR
Monsoon is the one of the main sources of water for the people, animals and fauna and flora of the desert. It caused to grow plentiful Gowar, Bajra, Jouwar, Moong and other lentils. Desert awakes with the greenery all around. Rainy seamy season brings the message of life for the desert. But as soon as the monsoon reservoirs get dried, the life for human beings and animals becomes miserable due to scanty water. It can lead even to the starvation.
The happiness appears on the faces of Desert peoples at start of monsoon season when they see the rainy clouds hovering over their huts and groom sand,
In moonson peoples of Tharparkar arrange the seeds as well as repair there plows on perfect time to meet their required or best production.
The only sources of income that these people have is agriculture and breeding livestock, both of which are dependent on rain in the monsoon season. Seeds sowed in the desert needs timely rainfall for 3-4 months to flourish.
The rain blesses these crops with a touch. They blossom and bloom and bring forth happiness on the faces of the locals. The rain water also store/save in small lacs in three language called (ترائي).
Rainfall is undeniably a blessing that the desert cannot afford to lose. The people of the desert migrate to other areas in case of draughts and famines. The peoples of desert walk barefooted along with livestock hundreds of kilometers to earn living.
Production after Rain
After falling of the rain in Tharparkar the crops are to be produced like, Guwar, Mung, Jowar, Bajhira, Mooth, Chibhar, Meho, Kareeng, Mareero, Lular, Bagro, Pipoon, Kondeer, Khumbhi (Mashroom) and also green fodder for the animals which are being rear in this dry region.